Tanzania: The Land of Mount Kilimanjaro and the Serengeti
If you've ever had the opportunity to visit Tanzania, you'll have no problem agreeing: It's the jewel of Africa.
Tanzania, East Africa's largest country, is the home of some of the most famous features on the planet, including snowcapped Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest point in Africa and bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the southwest. Tanzania also boasts the plains of the Serengeti with its unbelievable abundance of wildlife,
Tanzania is also the site of the Ngorongoro Crater, properly recognized as the 8th Natural Wonder of the World. Within its crater roam herds of zebra and wildebeest, prides of lions and the endangered black rhino. This truly awe-inspiring place is also home to the Olduvai Gorge, where the Leakeys discovered the remains of a 1.8 million year old skeleton of one of the links in the human evolutionary chain. In a small canyon just north of the crater, the Leakeys and their team of international archaeologists unearthed the ruins of at least three hominoid species, and also came upon a set of hominoid footprints estimated to be over 3.7 million years old. Evacuated fossils show that the area is one of the oldest sites of hominoid habitation in the world.
Almost everywhere you go you'll find interesting wildlife and inspiring landscapes. ranging from forested volcanic peaks to savanna populated by elephants, antelopes, lions, leopards and cheetahs. Tanzania is one of the four most naturally diverse nations on earth: it contains Africa's second-largest number of bird species (around 1500), the continent's biggest mammal population and three-quarters of East Africa's plant species (over ten thousand). Tanzania's value and beauty is underscored by the fact that more than forty percent of the country is protected
For all its natural diversity, Tanzania's best asset is its people: friendly, welcoming, unassumingly proud and yet reserved. The best known tribe is the Maasai, a pastoralist cattle heading, people who inhabit the region around the safari parks in the north, yet there are at least 127 other tribes in Tanzania, perhaps not as visually colorful as the red-robed, spear-carrying Maasai warriors, but with equally rich traditions, histories, customs, beliefs and music,
And of course, Tanzania holds abundant natural resources including: natural gas, gold, diamonds, Nickel, cobalt, copper and base metal, gemstones (apatite, niobium, tanzanite) iron ore, coal, hydropower, tin, phosphates, fisheries and forests